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100 Things You Should Know About People: #50 — 9 Percent Of Men And .5% Of Women Are Colorblind



Lays potato chip bag with blue/yellow color blind filter

The term color blindness is actually misleading. Most people who are “color blind” are not blind to all colors, but really have a color deficiency that makes it hard for them to see differences between some colors.

Different types of color blindness — There are many different kinds of color blindness, but the most common is a difficulty distinguishing between reds, yellows, and greens. This is called “red-green” color blindness. Other forms, such as problems distinguishing blues from yellows, or where everything looks grey, are very rare.

What people see – Let’s compare what people see who have different types of color blindness. I’ve put three different screen captures from a post at this blog. The first picture below is  how it appears to someone who has no color blindness, the second is how it appears to someone with red-green color blindness, and the last one is how it appears o someone with blue-yellow color blindness.

My blog with regular colors
My blog with red green filter
My blog with a blue/yellow filter

When colors become a communication problem — So what’s the big deal you might be saying? What colors you use in your photos, illustrations, maps, etc, can become problematic if you are trying to communicate information via the colors. For example, here is a map of winter driving conditions in Wisconsin that has color coding. And below that is a map that shows what it looks like if you have  red/green color blindness.

Map of winter driving


Map with red/green filter

If you are going to use color as a way to communicate — then you need to have a redundant coding scheme, for example color AND line thickness so that people who are color blind will be able to decipher the coding without needing to see specific colors.

Or pick colors that work or everyone — Another approach is to pick a color scheme that will work for people who have the various types of color blindness. In the example below they have purposely picked colors that look the same for people regardless of the type of color blindness they have, and even if they are not color blind.

Map with colors that work for everyone

You can test your colors — You can use websites to check for color blindness effects.

What do you think? What approach do you use to make sure your images work for people who are color blind?


9 responses to “100 Things You Should Know About People: #50 — 9 Percent Of Men And .5% Of Women Are Colorblind”

  1. Pamela Wilson Avatar

    This is important information for people to keep in mind, Susan.

    One approach I teach is to communicate your information with more than just color. For example, you can use a pattern in addition to a color, or a colored symbol. If color alone doesn’t communicate the information, the shape will.

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  3. Andy Gongea Avatar

    Thanks for this useful information Susan. For sure, taking colorblindness into consideration makes our work more user-friendly and usable.

  4. Lisa Daske Avatar
    Lisa Daske

    Don’t forget this handy tool which allows testing of all your desktop, not only webpages, so you can check the design before it goes online:

  5. Susan Weinschenk Avatar
    Susan Weinschenk

    Thanks Lisa for telling us about colororacle — I didn’t know about that one.

  6. […] 100 Things You Should Know About People — #50: 9 Percent Of Men And .5% Of Women Are Colorblind […]

  7. tyler hilker Avatar
    tyler hilker

    thanks for the great post, susan! as a somewhat color deficient individual, i find that with color-coded maps, the difficulty is not only with seeing different colors on the map itself, but drawing associations between the colors in the legend and the colors on the map. in this case, i think, patterns are helpful (e.g /////// or ||||||), though with small plot areas that could only obfuscate the political boundaries of a map.

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